Quality of Living
Organized October 1, 1891, and named by popular vote for President Abraham Lincoln, the county was originally a part of the Creek Nation. As a result of the Treaty of 1866, however, the area was ceded by the Creeks and settled by the Sac and Fox, Iowa, Kickapoo, and Pottawatomie Indians.
Although cotton was the principal crop in the early days, castor beans and broom corn were also money crops. By 1915, oil was discovered near Chandler, followed by the discovery of the Stroud Field in 1923 and later the Davenport oil boom.
Annual county celebrations include an Ice Cream Festival in June and a July 4th Celebration both in Chandler, Nettie Davenport Day held in Davenport, the International Brick Throwing Contest held in Stroud in July, and the Kolache Festival held in Prague each May.